Sexual violence is any unwanted sexual act or activity. Sexual violence can range from verbal obscenities to rape. It is an act of power and control over the victim. Sexual violence is a crime of violence because the victim is subjected to the aggression of the perpetrator.
Gender stereotyping involves the overgeneralization of characteristics, differences and attributes of a certain group based on their gender. Gender stereotypes create a widely accepted judgment or bias about certain characteristics or traits that apply to each gender. If a man or a woman acts differently from how their gender is assumed to behave, then they don’t conform to the norm. Gender stereotypes are dangerous because they might create unequal or unfair treatment of a certain person who chooses to defy people’s assumptions about his/her gender.
Sexual Harassment is any behaviour, comment or gesture of a sexual nature which is deemed to be offensive. It is unwanted behaviour that makes the receiver feel uncomfortable. It can be coercive or subtle in nature. Sexual harassment is an abuse of power and is often used as a way of controlling or intimidating someone.
Sexualisation refers to circumstances when a person’s worth is assumed to only come from his or her sexiness; when a child is expected or encouraged to act or dress sexually; when a person is treated as a sex object rather than as a whole person; and/or when physical characteristics are considered to be the only indicator of sexiness.
Violent behaviours are not just about physical contact. It can include placing a person in fear that you will be violent towards them, for example by threatening to harm someone or being physically intimidating. It does not matter whether you intend to harm the other person or not, as long as you intend them to believe that you will.
Gender equality refers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys. Equality does not mean that women and men will become the same but that women’s and men’s rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female. Gender equality implies that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration, recognizing the diversity of different groups of women and men.
Sexual education is a lifelong process of acquiring information and forming attitudes, beliefs, and values about sexual development, sexual and reproductive health, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy, body image, and gender roles.
Digital Media Literacy is a set of competencies required for full participation in a knowledge society. It includes knowledge and skills relating to the effective use of digital devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop PCs for purposes of communication, expression, collaboration and advocacy. It includes the ability to use digital technology, communication tools, and the internet creatively, critically and safely, in support of a person’s development, learning and capacity to participate effectively in social and community life.
Digital media refers to audio, video, and photo content that has been encoded (digitally compressed). Encoding content involves converting audio and video input into a digital media file. After digital media is encoded, it can be easily manipulated, distributed, and played by computers, and is easily transmitted over computer networks.